scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,616
The cosmological argument was first introduced by Aristotle and later refined in western Europe by the celebrated Christian theologian Thomas Aquinas d1274 CE In the Islamic tradition it was adopted by Al-Kindi and Ibn Rushd Averroes The argument has several forms the basic first-cause argument runs as follows Every event must have a cause and each cause must in turn have its own cause and so forth Hence there must either be an infinite regress of causes or there must be a starting point or first cause Aquinas and Al-Kindi reject the notion of an infinite regress and insist that there must be a first cause and the first cause must be God the only uncaused being Another form of this argument is based on the concept of a prime-mover This is the Aristotelian form of the argument also propounded by Averroes The premise being that every motion must be caused by another motion and the earlier motion must in turn be a result of another motion and so on The conclusion follows that there must be an initial prime-mover a mover that could cause motion without any other mover Two kinds of Islamic perspectives maybe considered with regard to the cosmological argument A positive Aristotelian response strongly supporting the argument and a negative response which is quite critical of it Among the Aristotelian thinkers are Al-Kindi and Averroes Al-Ghazzali and Iqbal maybe seen as being in opposition to this sort of an argument Al-Kindi is one of the many major and first Islamic philosophers who attempt to introduce an argument for the existence of God based upon purely empirical premises In fact his chief contribution is the cosmological argument dalil al-huduth for the existence of God in his On First Philosophy He presents four different versions of this argument all are variation of the cosmological argument which require a cause One of the arguments revolves around the principle of determination tarjjih that is prior
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA