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Word Count: 522
ZIMBABWEIt was over twenty years ago when Zimbabwe received its independence and the country had likelihood to become an African success story good soil lots of mineral resources and a new government that spoke of modernization and reform Although today Zimbabwe looks to be caught in a downward fall in economics and politics TIME In April 1980 the former British colony of Southern Rhodesia was internationally recognized as the independent state of Zimbabwe The countrys new government was headed by the Zimbabwe National African Union-Patriotic Front ZANU-PF a group of African nationalists that had fought for a different kind of independence from that declared by Ian Smiths white regime in 1965TIME Robert Mugabe ZANU-PFs former leader became the first head of Zimbabwe calling for a new spirit that must unite and not divide Although while Zimbabwe had a fresh name and a fresh leader it still had its former problems The racial inequalities induced by white rule continued in the feud between black and white incomes and black Zimbabweans wanted their fair share of the chief farming territory that had been previously owned by the white settlers from the 1890s till today TIME Zimbabwe went bankrupted after the long war for freedom and the economy was even weakened by the huge emigration of Europeans and a drought in the early 1980s TIME The slow pace land reform led to tension in Matabeleland in southwestern Zimbabw and Zanu But now they were rivals and the tensions between them and their ethnic groups increased as the government accused ZAPUs leader Joshua Nkomo of induced violence in the region The government began a military campaign against the dissidents that claimed thousands of lives In 1987 Mugabe and Nkomo resolved there feud agreeing to merge the two factions into a single-party Marxist-Leninist government TIME Mugabe became Zimbabwes first executive President and the larger ZANU-PF went on to win the 1990 elections After a decade in office Mugabe
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