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Affirmative Action is defined by Websters New World College Dictionary as a policy or program for correcting the effects of discrimination in the employment or education of members of certain groups The phrase affirmative action was coined by President John F Kennedy in 1961 when he issued Executive Order 10925 initiating the Presidents Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity In 1965 President Lyndon B Johnson issued another Executive Order This order required federal contractors to take affirmative action to increase the number of minorities that they employed Thus affirmative action was born However when Kennedy and Johnson established affirmative action they did not intend for it to have the perverted and distorted effect that it currently has today Such perversions and distortions include the hiring of unqualified workers the causing of problems for groups it originally set out to help and reverse discrimination that results in unfair standards into higher education and the work force The practice of affirmative action must be stopped The main argument for affirmative action is that it creates equal opportunity for people in the work force and for students seeking admission into higher education However this is not a valid point While affirmative action creates equal opportunity for some individuals it discriminates against others primarily whites Therefore affirmative action uses reverse discrimination to solve the problem of discrimination Do two wrongs make a right The answer is no The first reason affirmative action should be stopped is that employees often are hired that are not qualified to execute their jobs effectively Many times employers are forced to find the best minority rather than the person most qualified for the job For example Duke University adopted a policy in 1993 that required each department at the university to hire at least one new African-American for a faculty position However various surveys and estimates show that less than 4000 blacks receive PhDs in the United States This is less than
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