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Word Count: 697
Indochina is made up of Laos Cambodia and Vietnam It was colonized by the French in the late 1800s and given up in 1939 Japan tookover Frances loss after that After Japans defeat in 1945 Vietnams patriot and communist Ho Chi Minh and his Viet Minh declared Vietnam independent After that France came to claim their loss The US supported France fearing the Domino Theory would take affect after in 1949 China fell to communism In 1950 the US sent troops to South Korea to prevent the dominos from falling The Vietnamese took fort Dien Bien Phoo in May of 1954 so then the French finally pulled out That set up 2 nations North Vietnam and South Vietnam split at the 17th parallel Ho Chi Minh was in the North and was a Communist Ngo Dinh Diem was in South and disliked communism He argued that if there was an election to choose a leader of 1 unified nation that Ho In 1956 Diem closed all elections and appointed local officials That gave him less of support Also he didnt win the support of the peasants that was a major mistake in the south Vietminh members who were located in South Vietnam formed their own communist party Diem called them the Viet Cong meaning Vietnamese Communists North Vietnam supported the rebellion in the early parts In 1959 the Vietminh set up a supply route to South Vietnam through Laos and Cambodia They were then named the Ho Chi Minh trail Also in 1959 the first American advisors were killed during a battle By 1960 the Vietcong had about 10000 troops and were threatening to overthrow Diem Then the US sent 15100WorldBook more US advisors in from 1961 - 1963 The Buddhists also had a hard time with Diem they felt he did not give enough religious freedom The Buddhists also held the better part of Vietnams population On June 21 1963 an old Buddhist
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