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Word Count: 445
One of the most interesting and influential thinkers of all time was Socrates whose dedication to careful reasoning helped form the basis for philosophy Socrates applied logical tricks in the pursuit for the truth Consequently his willingness to call everything into question and his determination to accept nothing less than an adequate account of the nature of things made him one of the first people to utilize critical philosophy Although he was well known for his philosophical ways of thinking Socrates never wrote anything down so we are dependant on his students like Plato for any detailed knowledge of his methods or ways of thinking One of the early dialogues in which Plato had The Euthyphro dialogue begins with Socrates becoming involved in a touchy conversation with an over confident young man Euthyphro Socrates finds Euthyphro perfectly certain of his own ethical morality even in the situation of prosecuting his own father in court Socrates asks him to define what piety or moral duty really is He asks for something more than just lists of what pious actions are Euthyphro is supposed to provide a general definition that captures the very basic nature of what piety is Euthyphro claims that he knows what it is to be pious but every answer he offers is subjected to the full force of Socrates critical thinking Socrates systematically refutes Euthyphros suggestion that what makes right actions right is that the gods love or approve of them First there is the problem that since questions of right and wrong often create endless disputes the gods are likely to disagree among themselves about moral matters just as often as we do making
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