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Down Syndrom Essay Name of condition Down Syndrom The word syndrome means a collection of signs or characteristics The name Down comes from the doctor John Langdon Down who first described the condition in 1866 There are more differences between people with Downs syndrome than there are similarities They will have many of their families distinctive characteristics and will therefore resemble their brothers and sisters As well as these individual characteristics however they will have physical features shared by others with Downs syndrome They will also have learning difficulties This means they have greater difficulty learning than the majority of people the same age People with the Downs syndrome often look a little different and are in general less able than the population as a whole Downs syndrome is not a disease so it is inaccurate to say people suffer from it or that it can be treated People with Downs syndrome used to be described as mentally handicapped Mental handicap is associated with demeaning terms such as mental backward subnormal and suggest an old fashioned image of being incapable and dependent It can lead to confusion with mental illness For every 1000 babies born one will have Downs sy ferent regions are not available It is only in the last few years that the number of babies born with Downs syndrome has been accurately recorded In 1959 Professor Lejeune proved that Downs syndrome is a genetic condition caused by the presence of an extra chromosome The body consists of millions of cells which are too small to be seen with the naked eye Every cell contains a number of chromosomes The person with Downs syndrome has an extra chromosome 21 making 47 in all This results in a disruption to the growth of the developing baby This extra chromosome can come from either the mother or the father and is present because of a genetic accident when the egg or the sperm is
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