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Word Count: 342
The Haber process is the principle comerical method of producing ammonia by direct combination of nitrogen and hydrogen under high pressure in the presence of a catalyst often iron The uses that it has in industrial conditions is that when producing ammonia the temperature must be 450 degrees Celsius to 500 degrees Celsius With the Haber process raising the temperature will make the equilibrium mixture richer in nitrogen and hydrogen because forming these from ammonia takes heat in Fritz HaberA man from Germany named Fritz Haber was the one who developed the Haber Process in 1918 Historical Background The method of producing ammonia was delevopled in WWI The Germans ended up needing nitrogen to be used in their explosions The allies wanted to block off all of the trade routes that were going to and from Germany The result of this lead to losing all source of sodium nitrate and potassium nitrate which was their source of nitrogen So Fritz Haber developed the Haber Process which took the molecular nitrogen from the air and combined it with the molecular hydrogen to form ammonia gas This chemical process in important because ammonia has been something that has been difficult to produce on an industrial scale and the fertilizer that is made from the ammonia today is responsible for having one-third of the earths population Balanced EquationBalanced equation N23H22NH3This reaction is exothermic TemperaturePressure and other conditionsquestion 6 Fritz Haber discovered that iron plus a small percent of oxides of potassium and aluminum catalyze the reaction of hydrogen and nitrogen to yield ammonia at 500 degrees Celsius Le Chateliers PrincipleLe Chateliers Principle helps explain the conditions that favor the forward reaction because its used to predict the effect of change in conditions on a chemical equilibrium safety cost or other conditions question 7 Industrial hazards and the employees safety and health are considerations that could prevent most industrial applications from using the most ideal conditions for
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