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Word Count: 690
Hopi Pottery is a historic art that has been passed down through many generations The Hopi Indians have lived in the same area of the Southwest present day Arizona even before the time of Columbus The prehistoric ancestors of the Hopi Indians were the Anasazi Indians The Hopi Indians lived on desert land at the foot of the mesas Hopi women made beautiful clay bowls baskets and jewelry The art of pottery making came to these early Pueblo Indians by Meso-American Indians around 700AD Between this time and 1400 AD grey utilitarian ware was being produced for everyday needs which eventually evolved into a more colorful and decorative style of potteryThe 14th century became an extremely active period for the Hopi potters New clays and firing techniques were employed transforming soft textured pots into harder smoother and denser ones The materials and techniques evolving during that time period resulted in a new form of pottery called sikyatki polychrome This style which involves painting directly on the polished body of the pot itself continued until the late 1700s Nevertheless because of wars with the Spanish and other minor tribal disputes with the Navajo and Apache Hopi pottery production almost completely vanished around 1800 However in 1860 a woman named Nampeyo revived pottery making She was considered to be responsible for the renaissance in Hopi pottery Nampeyo single-handedly revived the art of pottery making by exclusively using the polychrome technique Moreover by the late 1800s as the railroad was introduced to Arizona it brought numerous traders who sought to fill the demands of an enlarging tourist market Therefore Nampeyos pottery was highly prized and other Hopis inspired by her began fashioning their own work using similar techniquesThe technique the Hopis use in order to build their pots is a simple yet a very complicated process This methods called the coiling method The first step is to choose the clay to make the pot The Hopis choose the
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