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Word Count: 650
1Music is the organisation of sounds with some degree of rhythm melody and harmony 2Popular Music is music produced for and sold to a broad audience Indian popular music which is most strongly influenced by Indian folk music is shaped by social economic and technological forces Popular music is closely linked to the social identity of its performers and audiences3Indian Popular Music has one of the worlds most extensive popular music industries Most Indian popular music is associated with the commercial film industry centred on Mumbai in which song-and-dance scenes are inserted into plots4Film songs are heard all over India in city streets and even in remote villages and have also become one of the countrys major cultural exports It is a remarkably eclectic genre borrowing freely from other Indian musics and popular musics from around the world including some Western harmonic procedures5Both Indian cinema and its film music are widely popular elsewhere in the developing world from Africa and the Middle East to Eastern Europe and other parts of Asia6While it is difficult to generalize about such a vast and diverse entity certain observations can be made about Indian popular music Like classical Indian music and Indian folk music it is overwhelmingly monophonic melodies are sung or played solo rather than in harmony with another singer 7The Indian music industry got off to an early start with the production of local recordings in 1901 By the 1950s the film industry had grown phenomenally and soon became the largest in the world producing some 700-feature films annually Music directors like Naushad and S D Burman composed scores for hundreds of films while top singers like Lata Mangeshkar Asha Bhosle Mohammed Rafi and Kishore Kumar have each recorded several thousand film songs Most were sentimental love songs designed to fit the romantic and often escapist cinematic melodramas8In the late 1970s and early 1980s the spread of cheap audio cassette players dramatically restructured the popular music industry
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