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Nova Scotia one of the three Maritime and one of the four Atlantic provinces of Canada bordered on the north by the Bay of Fundy the province of New Brunswick Northumberland Strait and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and on the east south and west by the Atlantic Ocean Nova Scotia consists primarily of a mainland section linked to New Brunswick by the Isthmus of Chignecto and Cape Breton Island separated from the mainland by the Strait of Canso On July 1 1867 Nova Scotia became one of the founding members of the Canadian Confederation The provinces name which is Latin for New Scotland was first applied to the region in the 1620s by settlers from Scotland Physical Geography Nova Scotia can be divided into four major geographical regions-the Atlantic Uplands the Nova Scotia Highlands the Annapolis Lowland and the Maritime Plain The Atlantic Uplands which occupy most of the southern part of the province are made up of ancient resistant rocks largely overlain by rocky glacial deposits The Nova Scotia Highlands are composed of three separate areas of uplands The western section includes North Mountain a long ridge of traprock along the Bay of Fundy the central section takes in the Cobequid Mountains which rise to 367 m 1204 ft atop Nuttby Mountain and the eastern section contains the Cape Breton Highlands with the provinces highest point The Annapolis Lowland in the west is a small area with considerable fertile soil Nova Scotias fourth region the Maritime Plain occupies a small region fronting on Northumberland Strait The plain is characterized by a low undulating landscape and substantial areas of fertile soil History The area now known as Nova Scotia was originally inhabited by tribes of Abenaki and Micmac peoples The Venetian explorer John Cabot sailing under the English flag may have reached Cape Breton Island in
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