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Palestinian Liberation Organization PLO In May 1964 422 Palestinian national figures meeting in Jerusalem under the chairmanship of Ahmad Shuqeiri and following an Arab League decision founded the Palestine Liberation Organization PLO and laid down the structure of the Palestine National Council PNC the PLO Executive Committee the National Fund and the Palestine Liberation Army PLA As well as approving a Palestinian national covenant and basic law since then the PLO has been an umbrella organization for various Palestinian factions and resistance groups became independent when taken over by Fatah with Arafat as chairman in 1969 and then acquired a more central role in mobilizing Palestinians as well as international support Created a number of organizations to provide education health etc and to relieve the conditions of the Palestinian people and formed a quasi-governmental structure performing tasks in the areas of internal security military operations finances information foreign relations etc Early ideology followed-pan-Arabism highest executive body is the Executive Committee consisting of 12 member elected by the PNC and which has full operational authority over all PLO-organizations and prepares the budget gaining a more independent identity under Arafats guidance the focus was on primacy of Palestinian interests and the role of the national rather than the united struggle which is considered a root of Palestinian nationalism recognized by the UN General Assembly as the representative of the Palestinian people Resolution 3210 on October 14th 1974 and gained the status of observership in 1965 granted access to the Security Council declared Palestinian independence on November 15th 1988 announced in Geneva in December 1988 the recognition of Israels right to exist and its renunciation of terrorism headquarters was Lebanon Until PLOs evacuation in the course of the 1982 war reestablished its headquarters in Tunis where it stayed until it moved to the Palestinian autonomous areas Gaza and Jericho following the Declaration of Principles of September 13th 1993 and Cairo Agreement of May 4th 1994 in
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