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Word Count: 1,256
The phenomenon of universalization while being an advancement of mankind at the same time constitutes a sort of subtle destruction not only of traditional cultures which might not be an irreparable wrong but also of what I Shall call for the time being the creative nucleus of great civilizations and great culture that nucleus on the basis of which we interpret life what Inhale call in advance-the ethical and mythical nucleus of mankind The conflict springs up from there We have the feeling that this single world civilization at the same time exerts a sort of attrition or wearing away at the expense of the cultural resources which have made the great civilizations of the past This threat is expressed among other disturbing effects by the spreading before our eyes of a mediocre civilization which is the absurd counterpart of what I was just calling elementary cu1ture Everywhere throughout the world one finds the same bad movie the same slot machines the same plastic or aluminium atrocities the same twisting of language by propaganda etc It seems as if mankind by approaching en masse a basic consumer culture were also stopped en masse at a sub cultural level Thus we come to the crucial problem confronting nations just rising from underdevelopment In order to get on to the road toward modernization is it necessary to jettison the old cultural past which has been the raison detreofa nation Whence the paradox on the one hand it the nation has to root itself in the soil of its past forge a national spirit and unfurl this spiritual and cultural revendication before the colonialists personality But in order to take part in modern civilization it is necessary at the same time to take part in scientific technical and political rationality something which very often requires the pure and simple abandon of a whole cultural past Its a fact every culture cannot sustain and absorb the
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