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THE RENAISSANCE Classical GREEK AND ROMAN themesstyles Realistic detail expression emotion action anatomical studies Humanism - focus on man INDIVIDUALISM - expressing own feelings Unique style communication to ppl in art Creative artists known for creativity worked for money ENJOYMENT OF THE WORLD - Life and pleasures modern attitudes toward life Causes 1Economy of Italian city states - rich merchants and bankers traded w middle east and sold luxury goods in northern Europe Used money for buildings and to sponsor artists and writers aPpl had enough money to sponsor bMiddle east was rich in culture - advanced in thinking - influenced Italians 2Free of control from Holy Roman Empire and Popes aPope was in Avignon - ppl had freeeedom 3Located in center former Roman Empire aTrade with Constantinople bGREEK CONNECTION cMany Greek refugees - got influenced Spread to ROME - POPES ie Leo X and Julius were patrons Great patrons Cosimo di Medici and Lorenzo di Medici rulers of FLORENCE - big time Renaissance city AGE OF EXPLORATION -Took place during RENAISSANCE oNew ideas and changes -TRADE throughout Europe TO FIND NEW ROUTE TO ASIA -In order to spread CHRISTIANITY MAJORITY OF LAND TAKEN BY England and France Northern American territories Spain Central American territories Spain and Portugal South American territories SPANISH WANTEDGOOLLLLLDDD from Indians in south America CONQUISTADORS PORTUGUESE made PLANTATIONS - Indians were their slaves first country to send explorers FRENCH had fur trade with Indians in Canada and plantations in the Caribbean ENGLAND - JOINT STOCK COMPANIES COLONIES Freedom opportunity DUTCH - spice trade slave trade aimed to spread Christianity didnt aim to spread THE REFORMATION Causes 1Problems of the Catholic Church aPopes and bishops - were being patrons rather than religious figures bGreat Schism - Huss and Wycliff criticized church - ppl lost respect for church cChurch money spent to beautiful Vatican ppls tithes dLack of education of priests 2Individualism - Open discussion on religion
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