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Word Count: 1,462
Shakespeare treated Petrarchan convention of the sonnets in his own way First of all he changed the structure of the sonnet Shakespeares Sonnets have more than one motif Man was the object of praise Shakespeare presents woman not as godlike wonderful perfect creature but as human with all his defects Woman became a vile creature a demon trying to take over mans soul Shakespeare also took note of physical love and more down-to-earth sensations connected with it The Petrarchan or Italian sonnet is a fourteen-line lyric poem written as an octave six lines followed by a sestet eight lines The rhyme scheme will never have more than 5 rhymes within it The octaves rhyme scheme is constant as follows abbaabba The final sestet however uses a variety of schemes but it cannot contain more than 3 rhymes additional to the two used in octave Some examples of patterns used for the sestet follow cdecde cdccdc cdedce The octave usually introduces some kind of problem or a doubt The sestet resolves the problem or eases the doubt Petrarchan sonnet does not have a couplet Love for the lady is the only motif of Petrarchan Sonnets Description of the mistress is detailed but at the same time exaggerated The mistress is better then nature and so nothing can be better than the mistress She is the embodiment of perfection His love for her is not reciprocated thus this boundless affection paradoxically amounts to suffering Sonnets of Petrarchan conceit would express worship lament hope and despair Shakespearean sonnet is much different than the Petrarchan Instead of the octave and sestet division it has four divisions three quatrains and a rhymed couplet The typical rhyme scheme for the Shakespearean sonnet is abab cdcd efef gg Each quatrain takes a different view on the idea or develops a different idea to express the theme The last two lines bring the sonnet to a conclusion Couplet is often surprising and
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