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The significant problems we face cannot be solved at the same level of thinking we were at when we created them Albert Einstein Philosophy shifted from natural philosophy which was concerned with the nature of the physical realm to classic philosophy which compared the process of knowing and understanding The leader of this new philosophical movement was a commoner named Socrates Socrates lived in Athens during an era which emphasized the importance of the individual and his place in society Athens was the cultural locus of the Greek world Since Socrates grew up in this culturally strong location he was familiar with the rhetoric of the SophistsDuring this era of Athenian Empire a group of intellectual lecturers philosophers and teachers sprouted in Athens This philosophical group called the Sophists portrayed themselves as knowledgeable and distributors of truth Unlike true philosophers the Sophists charged people for the dispersal of their knowledge and they made a healthy living from it The Sophists created a new form of philosophy that was often confused by the people of Athens with true philosophy This group of intellectual persons popularized the ideas of various early philosophers Based on their understanding of prior philosophic thought most of them concluded that truth and morality were essentially matters of opinion Thus in their own teaching they tended to emphasize forms of persuasive expression such as the art of rhetoric which provided pupils with skills useful for achieving success in life particularly public life The Sophists like the natural pre-Socratic philosophers shunned the notions of Greek mythology On the other hand they denounced philosophical thought and proclaimed that even though answers of the most enigmatic philosophical questions may exist no one has the ability know the absolute truth about the quirks and unexplainable events that happen on earth and in the universe otherwise known as skepticismThe Sophists contributed to the democentric society in Athens One Sophist named Portagoras once said Man is the measure
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