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Word Count: 485
On September 23rd 1862 Abraham Lincoln provided our wonderful nation with The Emancipation Proclamation This speech declared all slaves free in those states still in rebellion against the United States on January 1st 1863 The statement only applied to the states which after that date were under the military control of the Union Army It did not apply to those slave states such as Delaware Kentucky Maryland Missouri some parts of Virginia and Louisiana that were already occupied by Northern troopsIt was not until 1865 when the Thirteenth Amendment of the Constitution had been passed that slavery was finally abolished everywhere in the United States The Thirteenth Amendment states Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted shall exist within the United States or any place subject to their jurisdiction Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislationDuring the time when slavery was still legal it has been calculated that nearly eighty eight percent of Americas slave-owners owned twenty slaves or less The death rate in slaves was extremely high and to replace their loses the women slaves were encouraged and at times forced to begin having children around the age of thirteen By the age of twenty it was expected for each one to be the mother of at least five children Most owners promised women slaves their freedom after they had produced the large amount of fifteen children Many slaves were treated poorly and beat sometimes for no apparent reason These two factors motivated a large number of slaves to runaway At this time there was a Fugitive Slave Law saying that anyone suspected of being a runaway slave could be arrested without warrant and turned over to a claimant with nothing more than his word of ownership A suspected black slave could not even ask for a jury trial Anyone caught aiding a runaway slave by providing
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