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Buddhism Rel301 Buddhism is one of the biggest religions founded in India in the 6th and 5th cent BC by Siddhartha Gautama called the Buddha One of the great Asian religions it teaches the practice of and the observance of moral precepts The basic doctrines include the four noble truths taught by the Buddha Since it was first introduced into China from India Buddhism has had a history which has been characterized by periods of sometimes awkward and irregular development This has mainly been the result of the clash of two cultures each with a long history of tradition Most of the difficulties have arisen due to the transplanting of an Indian religiousphilosophical system onto a culture strongly dominated by native secular philosophical and religious systems In spite of these difficulties Chinese Buddhism has come to have an important influence on the growth and development of Buddhism in general and this has occurred largely because of its own innovatory contributionsThe Ency clopedia of Religions p58-62 The spread of Buddhism into China began in Central Asia and was facilitated by the efforts of the Indo-Scythian king Kanishka Encyclopedia Britt 273-274 of the Kushan dynasty which ruled in northern India Afghanistan and parts of Central Asia in the 1st and 2nd centuries Encyclopedia Britt 274 He is said to have undergone a conversion upon seeing the slaughter caused by his campaigns Around the beginning of the common era Buddhism started to filter into China from Central Asia through the Silk Road brought by monks merchants and other travelers It also entered later by means of trade routes around and through Southeast Asia It was nurtured in the community of Loyang and other northern cities The Encyclopedia of Religion p58-62 Siddhartha Buddha was born around 563 BCE in the town of Kapilavastu located in todays Nepal Siddharthas parents were King Shuddhodana and Queen Maya who ruled the Sakyas His history is a miraculous one One night
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