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TRANSPORTATION IN DUBLIN - AN OVERVIEW INDUSTRY BACKGROUND Key Characteristics of Transport in Ireland An analysis of the deficiencies of Irelands internal and access transport system has to take account of the following factors -Irelands peripheral island location without a land link to the rest of Europe and with a total reliance on sea and air travel for access to mainland Europe and other Markets -The small and open nature of the economy with merchandise imports and exports together accounting for 137 GNP -The dispersed nature of population and economic activity -The importance of inward investment and natural resource-based economic activity to the development of the economy and the creation of employment The Irish Transport System has the key following features -The internal transport system is underdeveloped and generally of poor quality -Roads are the dominant mode of internal transport accounting for 89 of freight traffic and 96 of passenger traffic Rail accounts for virtually all of the balance with a higher relative share on the main roads rail corridors amounting to 24 of end-to-end journeys in the passenger market in which rail competes and with higher shares on some corridors -A review of long-term development needs for road network estimated total investment requirements over a 20 year period of nearly 13 billion of which 4 billion related to strategic national primary roads -Past financial investment have led to significant underinvestment in the railways with most of its assets and infrastructure now beyond normal life expectancy Significant investment is required for rail development -Because of Irelands peripheral location sea and air routes fulfil the same role for Ireland as cross-frontier transport links in Europe Cost effective sea air transport supported by the necessary infrastructure are crucial for sustainable economic growth and employment creation -Sea is the dominant mode of access transport for merchandise trade with sea representing 76 of the volume of trade and 60 of exports by
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