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Paulo Freires engages in a Marxian analysis of education system in Pedagogy of the OppressedPedagogy of the Oppressed is the most widely acclaimed work of Paulo Freire in which he critically analyzes the education system and rhetorically juxtapose it with the Banking approach of education This approach is dehumanizing in the words of Freire and can put humans in the state of oppression He believes that human beings are rational who can understand the world around them and can take steps to change it accordingly His libertarian pedagogy is based on the idea of praxis that enables the teachers and students to take action on the basis of reality by acutely reflecting on them thereby strengthening their consciousness and transforming the world for the better Here Praxis require that human beings must act as Subjects and not merely as object to be acted upon P Freire 1974 As Subjects humans can take actions necessary to bring about a change and thereby become more fully human P Freire 1982b p 145 Therefore Fereire encourages a process of problem posing as well as initiating a dialogue as a means of forming critical consciousness for social transformation not only in classroom but also in the world around usTo understand Ferieres pedagogy it becomes essential to have a basic knowledge of marxs concepts of Dialectical Materialism as well as Class Structure and Class Struggle Ferieres view on education can only make sense if we have a thorough understanding of Marxs dialectical consciousness Education in a capitalist society can be seen as a commodity something to possess or to acquire Thus we can say that it is socially produced and hence can be related to Marx concept of Base and Superstructure Marx has defined Superstructure as a whole set of social relation and social ideas which are indispensable for a given Mode of Production The production relation on the basis of which Mode of Production has
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