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This essay evaluates Aquinas treatment of the nature of a God and explains how he pulls of the problem of evil in the world Aquinas Treatment of God As women are raped children are murdered and cancer is everywhere people often raise the question of Gods role in such atrocities Saint Thomas Aquinas treats that issue in part of his book the Summa Theologica In this he shows the relation of necessary and contingent being and gives a philosophical explanation on the problem of evil in the world Aquinas begins with some introductory assumptions He states that necessary existence has no potentiality and in this Gods essence and his being are one in the same because God is altogether simple divine simplicity He is not a body or material and what he does how he does it why he does it and his existence are all the same Because God as a necessary being does not have the capacity to be affected by contingency we can see that all of Gods actions are necessary God is completely simple This of course creates a serious problem with contingency and how contingent being comes to be from a necessary being Further his creation of contingent being and his knowledge and will of our actions brings up the problem of natural and moral evil in the world and what is the root of these dire happenings In the treatment of this problem Aquinas begins with Gods knowledge being the cause of all things q17 art 8 This is referred to as divine knowledge God is the cause of everything and in that God knows what he causes and conversely causes what he knows This makes God the author of all things He knew it and therefore he willed it and so it is It seems that he gets hooked in this article that if God causes and wills all and his knowledge and will are one
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