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Word Count: 497
Platos The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state inventing new deities and corrupting the youth of Athens Socrates speech however is by no means an apology in our modern understanding of the word The name of the dialogue derives from the Greek apologia which translates as a defense or a speech made in defense Thus in The Apology Socrates attempts to defend himself and his conduct--certainly not to apologize for it For the most part Socrates speaks in a very plain conversational manner He explains that he has no experience with the law courts and that he will instead speak in the manner to which he is accustomed with honesty and directness He explains that his behavior stems from a prophecy by the oracle at Delphi which claimed that he was the wisest of all men Recognizing his ignorance in most worldly affairs Socrates concluded that he must be wiser than other men only in that he knows that he knows nothing In order to spread this peculiar wisdom Socrates explains that he considered it his duty to question supposed wise men and to expose their false wisdom as ignorance These activities earned him much admiration amongst the youth of Athens but much hatred and anger from the people he embarrassed He cites their contempt as the reason for his being put on trial Socrates then proceeds to interrogate Meletus the man primarily responsible for bringing Socrates before the jury This is the only instance in The Apology of the elenchus or cross-examination which is so central to most Platonic dialogues His conversation with Meletus however is a poor example of this method as it seems more directed toward embarrassing Meletus than toward arriving at the truth In a famous passage Socrates likens himself to a gadfly stinging the lazy horse which
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