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The Independence Constitution of Malta of 1964 established Malta as a liberal parliamentary democracy It safeguarded the fundamental human rights of citizens and promised a separation between the executive judicial and legislative powers with regular elections founded on universal suffrage Malta still had the three organs of the State even before independence The present constitution was developed through constitutional history and its evolution The constitutions of Malta fell under three main categories These were athose over which the British possessed total power bthe intermediate genres of constitutions 1921-1947 where we had self-government the 1961 constitution was very similar to these constitutions c the Independence Constitution of 1964 On the 27th July 1960 the Secretary of State for the Colonies declared to the House of Commons the wish of Her Majestys Government to reinstate representative government in Malta and declare that it was now time to work out a new constitution where elections could be held as soon as it was established He also notified the House of the appointment of a Constitutional Commission under the chairmanship of Sir Hilary Blood to devise thorough constitutional schemes after consultation with representatives of the Maltese people and local interests The Commissioners presented their report on the 5th day of December 1960 The report was published on the 8th day of March 1961 That same day the Secretary of State declared to the House of Commons that Her Majestys Government had taken a decision The Commissioners constitutional recommendations to be the basis for the subsequent Malta constitution were to be granted The 1961 Constitution was also known as the Blood constitution It was enclosed in the Malta Constitution Order in Council 1961 and it was completed on the 24th day of October of that same year This constitution is found within the publication of the Supplement of the Government Gazette of the 31st October 1961 No 11346 The statement that the Order
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