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The First Amendment of the United states Constitution statesCongress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion orprohibiting the free exercise thereof or abridging the freedom ofspeech or of the press or the right of the people peacefully toassemble and to petition the government for a redress of grievancesBodenhammer 1 These fourth-five words provide the bases for freedomsthat Americans exercise each day Since its ratification in 1791 TheUnited States Supreme Court has interpreted and applied this Amendmentto many situations beyond its literal wording The FourteenthAmendments incorporation doctrine states that the First Amendment notonly applies to the Federal government but to state and localgovernments as well This expansion has been performed in an attemptto meet the evolving needs of an ever-changing populations Althoughthe Court has cited this Amendment in many different cases and expandedits application the Court has ruled that certain actions fall outsidethe boundaries of the Amendments protections As a result theseactions are subjected to the full penalty of the law The FirstAmendment provides many protections to the American people however theCourt has place limitation on the extent of the freedoms this Amendmentprovides The first and second clauses of the First Amendment establishes thefreedom the religion for all Americans First the establishment clausecreates a wall of separation between religious and governmental affairsSince it ratification many questions regarding the scope of this clausehave been posed to the United State Supreme Court In Everson v Boardof Education 330 US 11947 The Court attempted to interpret thisclause to create a minimum standard of separation between church andstate Justice Hugo Black writing for the majority established sixconditions to ensure this separation The court prohibited thegovernment from 1 establishing a church 2 passing laws that aidone religion all religions or one religion over another 3 forcing aperson to profess or dismiss any religious beliefs 4 punishing aperson for holding a specific religious belief 5 funding religiousactivities and
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