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Who built castles and why Where were most castles built Castles for the most part began to appear in the form of the Motte and Bailey see next QA segment The appearance of this type of castle coincides with the territories in which the Viking attacks were most prominent therefore strengthening the argument that castles were erected as a quick form of fortification against an enemy who lacked siege engines Bradbury 51 Admittedly castles were erected for defense and in this capacity would simultaneously protect the villagers who lived within its borders and control the neighboring territories serving as a combination command post defensive fortification judicial authority and a symbol of power Contamine 45-46 However save for the MB castles the majority of the development of castles came in the years after the Viking raids subsided Bradbury 52 It is therefore necessary to explore other reasons for which castles were built As the Carolingian Empire slowly succumbed to internal conflict--starting from the point of Charlemagnes death--the balance of power of the great nobles began its shift to include princes of royalty and of more importance counts and castellans As Bradbury points out castles are the sign of the rise of these two groupscastles have more to do with internal social struggle in the west than with defence sic against external invasion 52 It was due to this internal social-class struggle that the emergence of the castle was greatest in the Frankish heartlands 56 and this observation is strengthened by Contamines statement that it was the innumerable military vicissitudes which accompanied political action the castles played an essential role During the feudal period France was a country of castles where a great stone civilisation sic spread 44 With that having been said it is still important to note that castles were in fact built for defense For example Beeler suggests that rebellion against authority was so rampant in the eleventh century yet the rebels could
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