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Word Count: 569
In Sanford Bermans article What Do You Assume he explains that everyones lives are ruled by their subconscious and the assumptions they make The subconscious is the state of consciousness right below the conscious People are unaware of the thoughts the subconscious creates and Berman believes that our actions are influenced by assumptions created by the subconscious Assumptions are thoughts that are accepted or expected to be true without any proof Jumping to conclusions is a form of assuming that often produces false information and causes disagreements and fights within society while factual statements usually tend to lead to agreements Berman explains that inferring is a life skill and that it is used constantly but it can be dangerous when we infer negative information about situations or people Berman believes that everyone has their own assumptions about themselves that most other people do not have about them He explains that the way people see ourselves is their real self Berman writes This phenomenon self what you think you are or the way you would like to look to yourself The real self is who we want and strive to be Berman explains that there are different types of reactions reflex signal and symbol Reflex actions are instinctive and automatic People are born with these reactions Signal actions are instinctive and automatic as well People learn these reactions from life experiences Symbol actions are actions made when someone pauses thinks about the situation makes a conscious decision and then reacts These symbol actions are what make humans human Humans have a higher sense of conditionality This allows them to change their responses depending on the details of a situation People assume things because they fail to ask questions Not asking questions leaves a gray area and a place for people to fill in the gaps According to Berman Knowing the difference between our inferences and statements of fact is the beginning of wisdom Berman believes that
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