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In the Leviathan Thomas Hobbess theory of the state of nature serves as an exemplum an account that legitimizes and argues for the authority of the state by providing the logic behind sovereignty The theory illustrates the point that without government man is in hell an awful and evil state of nature where peace order and liberty are impossible His purpose in writing the Leviathan and in describing mans state of nature should be seen as being an anti-anarchical aim that is his task was to make people accept and obey the political authority of the sovereign in order to solve the problem of recurring disorder within society and make the state permanently stable -internally indestructible Lloyd 27 Hobbes asserts that life in the state of nature would be solitary poor nasty brutish and short Pasquino 2 This state is characterized as an anarchic existence where man is in a constant state of warfare due to an absent of a social contract and a central authority Without a government Hobbes believes man could not coexist peacefully in freedom using only his reason since competition diffidence and glory among man would create a cycle of conflict without end The state of nature is an individualistic self-governing existence where everyone is an enemy and mans primarily focus is on self-preservation In The Elements of Law Hobbes tries to comprehend the state of man in nature He concludes that man in a state of nature is equal because all people are equally dangerous and capable of killing one another Even the weakest man can kill the strongest since the abilities of mind wit and body strength balance out making our basic ability to kill theoretically equal Next Hobbes asserts that man will subdue and try to take others under their control They will act belligerently and attempt to enslave other men because they are driven by competition for resources and rational self-interested egotism which seeks
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