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Crawford D W Jackson E L Godbey G 1991 A hierarchical model of leisure constraints Leisure sciences 13 309-320 Key Words Leisure constraints leisure barriers leisure preferences leisure participationLocation NoneThe purpose of this article is to identify weakness in the previous leisure constraints that have been represented and to put them together in one model Crawford and Godbey had represented three separate models that contained the leisure barriers but this study has shown that they can be intertwined into one model The three leisure barriers that are the main focus of these models are structural barriers intrapersonal barriers and interpersonal barriers The first proposition to the new model is that a persons leisure participation depends on whether or not they successfully confront each constraint level The second proposition to the new model is the new order of importance of the leisure constraints For example the most important leisure constraint that people must overcome first is intrapersonal constraint then interpersonal constraint and lastly structural constraint The last proposition to the new model is that social class has more of an influence in participation This study is a review of a previous study that has been done and its evidence will need to be supported by actual data With the help of this study and its three suggestions more research can be done on this topic of leisure constraints Elkins D J Breggs B A Choutka E 2007 The contribution of constraint negotiation to the leisure satisfaction of college students in campus recreational sports Recreational Sports Journal 31 107-118 Keywords leisure satisfaction negotiation strategies leisure constraints campus recreation college studentsLocation Midwestern Universities The purpose of this study was to study which type of constraint negotiations assisted college students in having an enjoyable leisure experience They found that there are six major negotiation strategies and they are time management skill acquisition interpersonal relations intrapersonal validation physical fitness and financial management The surveys were passed out to
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