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IntroductionAnopheles Gambiae or common name as African malaria mosquito a species of mosquito that are known to be the most efficient vector carrier of human malaria Lane Crosskey 1993 NCBI 2013 Anopheles Gambiae has different name it can be known as Anopheles Gambiae Giles and Anopheles Gambiae Sensu Stricto NCBI 2013 BBC has state that Malaria kills around one million people worldwide every year and in Africa alone accounts for 20 of all childhood deaths Anopheles which belong to the family culicidae the adult are often mistaken as Nematocera especially Chironomidae Chaoboridae and Dixidae due to its similar feature in adult stage however they can be differentiate by looking at their projecting proboscis and scale on the wing veins Lane Crosskey 1993Geography natureAnopheles are majority found in tropic environment such as country near to the equator condition are 27 degree 80 relative humidity For anopheles gambiae breeding requirement are a tempoprary sunlit pool farming and forestry activity in which in Africa have provide this condition Lehane 2005 Malaria are transmitted to Europe by air travel of visiting tourust BBC 2011 Countries that are mostly inflicted by anopheles gambiae are the western AfricaLife cycle EggThe female anopheles lay a batch of egg about 100 150 eggs usually at night on the surface of the water They are a boat shape egg about 1mm long with a flattened upper surface the dorsal are call the deck and a keel shaped lower surface which is submerged The egg will get hold to object that are moving from the water this may help the egg from drifting away into an open water body The egg are thin colourless transparent and delicately sculptured outer chorion The egg have an air cell surrounded the boat shape to help the egg to keep afloat Chapman Hall 1993The difference between Anopheles Aedes and Aedes eggs httpentomologyunleduurbanenteggsjpghttpentnemdeptufleducreaturesaquaticaquadrimaculatus04jpgLarvaThe Larva emerges from the egg by using
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