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While visiting the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology I found numerous works of art that interested me I was able to appreciate these works more than before because of the knowledge I now possess after having taken this class thus far Understanding the background time periods and history of the works that I was practically analyzing at the museum made the pieces even more interesting and valuable to behold The piece of work that captured my eyes the most was the statue of Ramesses II This statue was found at the Heracleopolis Temple of Harsaphes in Egypt This sculpture was made somewhere between 1897 and 1834 during Egypts Middle Kingdom The artist was probably an ancient Egyptian who was patroned by the Pharaoh Ramesses II himself According to the museums description of the work Ramesses II seized this sculpture from a former ruler and the head was replaced to fit Ramesses satisfaction This is a historical piece to preserve his power and immortality This statue is an example of freestanding sculpture or sculpture in the round It has been carved and chiseled out of Quartzite stone This particular stone is composed mainly or entirely of quartz The stone is compact and is a form of metamorphosed sandstone in which silica or quartz has been deposited between the grains of quartz of which the sandstone is essentially composed Quartzite has a smooth fracture and is found primarily among ancient rocks The subject and iconography of the work is to emphasize the success reign and power of Ramesses II According to the museums description the sculpture also functioned as a place for the non-priests of the community to place votive offerings for the gods of the temple The non-priests were not allowed in the temples hence the sculpture must have been near the entrance of the temple There is a slab in front of the pharaohs feet where offerings would have
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