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Word Count: 509
According to Aristotle poetry along with other art forms is based more than anything in mans instinct of imitation Tragedy which Aristotle regards as a superior form of drama is a particular type of this imitation which follows specific formulas in order to achieve its goals Tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious complete and of a certain magnitude It uses artistic language of different kinds which are found within separate parts of the play Tragedy relates what may happen It uses the characters nature to show the way in which he would act in a given situation A good tragedys central goal is to invoke pity and fear within its audience causing catharsis or the purgation or purification of emotion through vicarious experience The audience members relate to the characters hamartia or tragic flaw and by following the plot without having to actually live through events which would cause them suffering or catastrophe they are able to cleanse themselves of their own hamartia Therefore there are certain elements in a tragedy that are particularly vital Aristotle deems the plot the soul of tragedy Tragedy after all is an imitation of action Thus this action the plot becomes the vicarious experience which will essentially cause the audiences catharsis The plot must follow a certain structure in order to achieve its purpose It must be whole it must have a beginning middle and end which flow in a natural manner The length is also significant a play can be long as long as it is comprehensible Also the play should focus on one action not all the actions in the characters life Tragedy is an imitation of events inspiring fear or pity These feelings are achieved by reversal of the situation and recognition A reversal of the situation is when an action veers round to its opposite In a good tragedy according to Aristotle this usually occurs when a character goes from being
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