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Word Count: 474
When trying to figure out the function of a human being Aristotle says the remaining possibility then is some sort of life of action of the part of the soul that has reason One part of it has reason as obeying reason the other has it as itself having reason and thinking 118 This quotation explains that there are two kinds of people the people who can reason for themselves and people who can only be habituated in obedience of reason These citizens cannot reason for themselves they can only obey reason Since they obey they are best suited to be slaves because obeying is what they do best To Aristotle this is called natural slavery if something is capable of rational foresight it is a natural ruler and master whereas whatever can use its body to labor is ruled and is a natural slave That is why the same thing is beneficial for both master and slave 178 It is obvious that Aristotle believes that the master-slave system benefits both parties because the master is capable of telling the slave what to do whereas the slave is only capable of obeying what is asked of him therefore giving him a role within the polis This system makes the polis self-sufficient in that everyone has a job But Aristotle states Anyone who cannot form a community with othersis no part of a city-state - he is a beast 179-180 In other words Aristotle means that any person that does not have the mental capacity either reason or obey reason cannot be part of a city-state and therefore is not a human being This cannot be true because there are people in the world known as idiot savants who are mentally deficient but are extraordinarily great in one highly specialized field such as mathematics or music A person who is extremely gifted in math would not benefit society by doing slave-work especially in Aristotles time
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