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Philosopher and scientist disciple of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great acclaimed thinker and traveller in exile it is nearly impossible to catch Aristotle in a defined denomination It seems indeed that he lived several lives in one experiencing fame and dishonour starting from bottom to reach top but collapsing because of the peoples disapproval the tragedy of the classic philosopher maybe As a consequence his work is a reflection of his life complex and incredibly diverse Like a scientist he observed and dissected the world around him in many fields from philosophical concepts with The Metaphysics to inanimate things in On Minerals via the structure of an ideal state in The Politics This utopia is the subject of this essay and particularly the place of individuals within it considering that Aristotle defines human beings through the relationship they have with others He characterizes them in two ways they are either driven by authority and social status hierarchical or install individuals on the same basis of rights and opportunities equal The Politics describes the different prominent associations people can have constituting together a sophisticated hierarchy nevertheless it establishes at the same time revolutionary egalitarian principles The question at that point is if this ideal state is a place of hierarchy rather than equality Aristotle never isolates politics from morality raising an important issue that of the place of justice in his utopia as well as how he defines this broad and controversial concept In order to answer this we will analyse both the hierarchy and the equality keeping in mind their justification and interaction Man is by nature a political animalBook 1 Part II Is there more common than this quote to open an essay on Aristotle If attention is often drawn on the definition of humanity provided by the philosopher one element in this sentence above all summarizes his understanding of the world by nature Nature is a core concept for Aristotle
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