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Word Count: 425
Aristotles Views on Virtue Aristotle explains virtue by first explaining what things are found in the soul He says that the soul has three things-passions faculties and states of character and virtue must be one of these Passions are things such as anger fear longing and joy Faculties are the act of becoming angry frightened etc Finally state of character is how we cope with those passions An example of this can be made with the passion anger A person can either have excess or deficiency This means that he can be a tyrant or passive Aristotle then concludes that passion cannot be virtue He says this because we are not called good or bad based on our passions We cannot be blamed or praised for our passions but we are blamed or praised for our vices This is explained simply by saying that passions are not reached by choice Virtue has something to do with choice or what is chosen This leads into Aristotle explaining that faculties cannot be virtue as well For we are neither called good nor bad nor praised nor blamed for the simple capacity of feeling passions This leaves only states of character Aristotle concludes that this must be what virtue is He says that to be virtuous one needs to have excellence and the ability to do whatever heshe is doing well He explains this through the example of the eye and a horse The excellence of both makes the horse and the eye good as well as its work good He then says that if this is true in every case it must hold true for man as well Aristotle explains that man and art are analogous You cannot add any excess or deficiency Humans and art already have excellence Whether or not they are in excess or deficiency from the start determines their virtue In conclusion
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