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ATTICA STATE PRISON UPRISING SEPTEMBER 13 1971 George Jackson the most famous political prisoner in the 70s and leader of the Black Panther Party was incarcerated at San Quentin Prison in California He was killed by the State on August 21 1971 Because of this Attica inmates organized a hunger strike and wore black arm bands George Jacksons revolutionary writings in his book he had written Soledad Brother was passed from inmate to inmate inside Attica State Prison which had an enormous impact on the prisoners awareness of their feelings Mr Jacksons death lead to the direct uprising of New Yorks Attica State Correctional facility which was approximately two weeks after George Jacksons death The uprising of New Yorks Attica State Correctional Facility is known as the most notorious prison riot in American History During this time New Yorks Governor Nelson Rockefeller ran the Attica State prison as forced labor camps as well as other state prisons Attica State Prison during this time also had an all white correctional staff and eighty-five percent of Atticas prisoners were Black and Latino Working conditions in Attica State Prison were unbearable prisoners were political poor and maltreated Hygienic conditions were very bad and medical care was practically non-existent Prisoners average pay was 40 cents a day for manufacturing mattresses shoes and license plates prisoners never saw a lawyer were prevented from defending themselves were isolated raped harassed and murdered They decided to go on strike April 9 1971 which is considered a direct defiance against the authority of the state September 9 1971 1500 men in cell block D took over Attica Prison taking prison guards as hostages All Black Latino and White prisoners had united By the uprising they were trying to force the state to address to their demands They had a list of 27 demands that covered legal rights repression work food hygiene and other critical issues
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