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Benito Mussolinis Rise and Fall to Power Benito Mussolini had a large impact on World War II He wasnt always a powerful dictator though At first he was a school teacher and a socialist journalist He later married Rachele Guide and had 5 children He was the editor of the Avanti which was a socialist party newspaper in Milan Benito Mussolini founded the Fasci di Combattimento on March of 1919 This was a nationalistic anti liberal and anti socialist movement This movement attracted mainly the lower middle class1 Fascism was spreading across Europe Mussolini was winning sympathy from King Victor Emmanuel III Mussolini then threatened to march on Rome This persuaded King Victor Emmanuel III to invite Mussolini to join a coalition which strongly helped him gain more power Benito Mussolini brought Austria on Germanys side by a formal alliance In 1937 he accepted a German alliance The name of this alliance was the Anti Comntern Pact On April 13 1937 Benito Mussolini annexed Albania He then told the British ambassador that not even the bribe of France and North Africa would keep him neutral2 The British ambassador was appalled and dismayed On May 28 1937 Mussolini strongly gave thought to declaring war He then attacked the Riviera across the Maritime On September 13 1937 he opened an offensive into British-garrisoned Egypt from Libya3 On October 4 1937 while the offensive still seemed to promise success Benito Mussolini met Adolf Hitler at the Brenner Pass on their joint frontier The two of them discussed how the war in the Mediterranean Britains principal foothold outside its island base might be turned to her decisive disadvantage Hitler suggested to Mussolini that Spain might be coaxed on the axis side thus giving Germany free use of the British Rock of Gibraltar by offering Franco part of French North Africa and that France might be persuaded to accept that concession by compensation with
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