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Cloning Bioethics which is the study of value judgments pertaining to human conduct in the area of biology and includes those related to the practice of medicine has been an important aspect of all areas in the scientific field Bernstein Maurice MD It is one of the factors that says whether or not certain scientific research can go on and if it can under which rules and regulations it must abide by One of the most recent and controversial issues facing our society today is the idea of cloning On February 23 1997 Ian Wilmut a Scottish scientist along with his colleagues at the Roslin Institute and PPL Therapeutics announced to the world that they had cloned a lamb which they named Dolly after Dolly Parton from an adult sheep Mario Christopher The two share the same nucleic DNA but differ in terms of their mitochondrial DNA which is vitally important for the regulation of the cell The media and the press ignored this fact and thus claimed that Dolly and her mother were genetically identical which sparked a fury of outcry all around the world The technique of transferring a nucleus from a somatic cell into an egg cell of which the nucleus had been removed called nuclear transplantation is an extension of research that had been ongoing for over 40 years Up until now scientists thought that adult cells could not be reprogrammed to behave like a fertilized egg and create an embryo but the evidence obtained by Dollys success prove otherwise The issues of cloning have been around for a long time starting with the publication of Joshua Lederbergs 1966 article on cloning in the American Naturalist and the publics interest has been perked by many sci-fi books films and movies including Aldous Huxleys 1932 novel Brave New World 1973s Sleeper
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