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Joseph Johnston was a Confederate general and American army officer Johnston was born in Farmville Va on February 3 l807 Johnston was often recognized for his defensive abilities but criticized for being overly cautious He was often wounded and known for his bravery in the Seminole and Mexican wars He was looked down on as an able officer and became the quartermaster general of the army In April of l86l Joseph Johnston followed his state into the Confederacy and was appointed a general in the Southern Army In July he commanded Confederate troops at the First Battle of Bull Run Although he got the victory he shared the credit with his colleague General PGT Beauregard In May l862 Johnston was severely wounded at the Battle of Seven Pines He spent six months recuperating from his injuries During Johnstons recuperation a major argument broke out between Johnston and Confederate President Jefferson Davis The dissagreement was over Johnstons rank among generals in the army and differences over strategy and military administration In November l862 Johnston took command of southern forces in Mississippi and Tennessee Johnston was unable to stop General Grant from taking the victory over Vicksburg Public opinion still wanted Davis to assign Johnston to command the Army of Tennessee after they suffered severe defeats in late l863 In l864 Johnston led his army in an effort to stop General William T Shermanss invasion of Georgia Once again Johnstons personality and his arguments with Davis put a kink in his performance and his army gradually fell back to Atlanta On July l7 l864 Johnston was finally replaced Johnston was briefly called back by General Robert ELee in early l865 to oppose the federal forces in the Carolinas He surrendered to Sherman on April 26 17 days after Lee surrendered at Appomattox After the war Johnston served in the US House of Representatives and as commissioner of US railroads Johnston died in Washington DC on
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