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World History Biography of Mussolini Mussolini taught briefly and lived in Switzerland for two years to avoid military service He achieved national fame for his opposition to the Libyan War and became editor of the Socialist daily Avanti in 1913 Soon after World War I began Mussolini abruptly turned nationalist and joined the pro-Allied interventionists The Socialist party which opposed all participation in nationalist wars expelled him He then founded his own daily the Popolo dItalia In 1915 he joined the army and attained the rank of corporal Mussolini organized his followers in the troubled postwar period mostly war veterans in the Fasci di combattimento which showcased aggressive nationalism and violently opposed the Communists and Socialists The members of the Fasci di combattimento dressed in black clothing to show disgust Mussolini preached forcible restoration of order and practiced terrorism with armed groups In 1921 he was elected to parliament and the National Fascist party was officially organized On October of 1922 Mussolini sent the Fascists to march on Rome King Victor Emmanuel III permitted them to enter the city He later called on Mussolini who had remained in Milan to form a cabinet As the new premier he gradually transformed the government into a dictatorship In 1924 the Socialist deputy Matteotti was murdered An efficient secret police and the Fascist party militia put down opposition Parliamentary government ended in 1928 and the state economy was reorganized along the lines of the Fascist corporative state The Lateran Treaty ended conflict between church and state in 1929 Mussolini was called Duce by his followers which meant leader His official title was head of the government and he held as many official positions as he saw fit His ambition to restore ancient greatness showed through his expression in magnificent slogans and speeches and in the construction of monumental buildings The encouragement he gave to the already high Italian birth rate his imperialistic designs and his
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