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MANTODEA Most commonly known as the Praying Mantis order mantodea is a group of about 1800 carnivorous insects which prodominatley live in tropical regions of the earth Though certain species can be found in locations with moderate climate With an extremely striking appearence mantids almost have human like qualities with the ability to hold an erect stance and arms that face forward A very efficient killer mantids were created for hunting and killing prey Order Mantodea is in the subclass Pterygota As with all classifications there can be debates on where certain orders or species belong Historically there has been some confusion on whether Mantodea deserves there own order Some experts have placed Mantodea in the dictyoptera order along with cock roaches Ramel 1996 Jaques 1981 Phoenix Zoo Others say mantids belong in Orthoptera which consists of grasshoppers Experts say this is due to their large pro notum Stokes 1983 Borror and White 1970 The emerging consensus around the position of Mantodea believes Mantodea constitute their own independent order of insects Mantids can be characterized by their triangular head and filiform antennae This head has the ability to turn 180 degrees With their prominate pair of compound eyes located on Peters 2 the sides of the head the mantis can almost see 360 degrees around However the sharpest vision is located in the compound eyes center for the mantis to optimaly see objects it must turn its head so that the eye is facing the object These eyes are extremely sensitive to light changing from light green or tan in bright light to dark brown in the dark The prothorax of the mantis is another aid in giving them their distintive appearence This prothorax has the ability to bend and twist which aids in the mantids ability to see close to 360 degrees around The two long raptorial front legs are adapted to seize and hold prey The coxa connects the
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