scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 3,213
Bipolar affective disorder affects approximately one percent of the population approximatly threemillion people in the United States It is presented by both males and females Bipolar disorderinvolves episodes of mania and depressionBipolar disorder is diagnosed if an episode of mania occurs whether depression has been diagnosedor not Goodwin Guze 1989 p 11 Most commonly individuals with manic episodes experience aperiod of depression Mood is either elated expansive or irritable hyperactivity pressure of speechflight of ideas inflated self esteem decreased need for sleep distractibility and excessiveinvolvement in activities with high potential for painful consequences Rarest symptoms wereperiods of loss of all interest and retardation or agitation Weisman 1991This devastating disease causes disruptions of families loss of jobs and millions of dollars in cost tosociety Many times bipolar patients report that the depressions are longer and increase in frequencyas the individual ages Many times bipolar states and psychotic states are misdiagnosed asschizophrenic Speech patterns help distinguish between the two disorders Lish 1994 Prevalenceand Age of Onset The onset of Bipolar disorder usually occurs between the ages of 20 and 30 yearsof age with a second peak in the mid-forties for women A typical bipolar patient may experienceeight to ten episodes in their lifetime However those who have rapid cycling may experience moreepisodes of mania and depression that succeed each other without a period of remission DSMIII-R The three stages of mania begin with hypomania in which patients report that they areenergetic extroverted and assertive The hypomania state has led observers to feel that bipolarpatients are addicted to their mania Hypomania progresses into mania and the transition ismarked by loss of judgment Often euphoric grandiose characters are recognized as well as aparanoid or irritable character begins to manifest The third stage of mania is evident when thepatient experiences delusions with often paranoid themes Speech is generally rapid and behaviormanifests with hyperactivity and sometimes assaultiveness When both manic and depressivesymptoms occur at the same time it is called a
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA