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If theories of their existence are true black holes are the most powerful force in the known physical universe Many people are familiar with the term black hole but few people actually know anything about them A black hole forms as a result of a massive star running out of fuel to burn Chaisson 193 Once the star is no longer exerting outward force by burning off gases it begins to collapse under its own intense inward gravity Chaisson 193 It is like slowly letting the air out of a balloon Once the star is compacted to a certain size while its mass or weight remains the same its gravity becomes so powerful that nothing can escape it Hawking 87 This critical size to weight ratio is known as the Schwarzchild Radius Hawking 87 Once a black hole is created in this way an invisible area or line around it exists If any object crosses this line it can no longer escape the gravitational force of the black hole Hawking 87 This line is called the event horizon Hawking 87 If black holes are proven to exist beyond theoretical physics then they would probably be a very common anomaly in this universe In 1915 Albert Einstein put forth the first real proposition of such an anomaly in his Theory of Relativity Bunn Black Holes FAQ In the 1930s three physicists doctors Volkoff Snyder and Oppenheimer were able to prove the validity of black holes mathematically Since then black holes have become a very important and integral part of science and the over all understanding of the universe It has been proven mathematically that black holes have infinite gravity based escape velocities and an immense effect on light time and even the very fabric of space All bodies in space have gravity According to Einsteins Theory of Relativity this is because bodies with a large mass or weight actually warp space Chaisson 77 For
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