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Question 5 A war broke out between Eritrea and Ethiopia in 1998 The war was allegedly caused by border disputes but in recent times scholars have suggested a range of alternative explanations How then can history help throw light upon the wider issues underlying the conflict between these two countries Table of content1 Foreword2 Introduction31 Historical Indicators 32 Italian Colonialism ImpactsReferences1 Foreword This paper will attempt to underline a number of alternative causes of the two formerly friendly governments conflict that caused the Eritrean-Ethiopian War taking place from May 1998 to June 2000 resulting in minor boarder changes but extremely high number of victims As widely considered the main reason for the out-break was the border disputes however questions could be asked on what other reasons could be involved endangering an already poor economy with spending millions of US dollars on high-tech military accessories and sacrificing tens of thousands of soldiers over claiming some square kilometres of agricultural land What could be the hidden motives that explain such bilateral ruthlessness This essay will start with a summary of events that occurred during the war and then it will look at recent scholar articles that suggest various explanations of the dispute concluding with the authors own theory concerning the event 2 IntroductionDuring an already-going border negotiations between the Eritrean and Ethiopian authorities on the 6th of May 1998 a minor group of Eritrean soldiers stepped its feet on the disputed territorial zone of Badme This specific area is claimed by both countries where Eritrea considers it as part of Gosh-Barka zone whereas Ethiopia believes it to be a share from Semien Miirabawi of the Tigrays region Jacobs 2012 Shortly after an attempt by the Ethiopian side to force the Eritrean minor group to lay down their weapons a shoot-out began Few casualties were suffered from both sides including a high-ranking officer and a veteran liberation fighter whom commanded from the Eritrean side
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