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Word Count: 783
Caliban the salvage and deformed slave They represent two different extremes on the social spectrum that of the natural ruler and the naturally ruled Caliban responds almost wholly to passions feelings of pleasure -- his senses while Prospero is ruled more by his intellect and self-discipline -- his mind Caliban was born of a witch Prospero is a magician However the types of magic practised by Sycorax and Prospero differ greatly Sycorax in many respects a traditional witch worked within Nature and as a part of it She worked with devils and the lowest orders of spirits Prospero on the other hand exercises his magic by means of strict discipline and study rising above the natural order by means of his greater knowledge and actually coercing spirits of a fairly high rank such as Ariel to do his bidding and control other spirits for him In the Arts which both represent Prospero certainly reflects the world of the mind And Sycorax does notAlthough we are not given details of Calibans birth it seems likely that a creature as subhuman in appearance as Caliban was not born of a human union It has been postulated that to quote Prospero he was got by the devil himself upon thy wicked dam from a union between Sycorax and an incubus an extremely attractive male apparition with intention to tempt Caliban was therefore a creature born from passion the offspring of an unholy pleasure From their ancestry Prospero is likely to be more ruled by his intellect and Caliban by his love of pleasureIn the history of each character before the opening of The Tempest there is a further contrast Calibans original love for Prospero and Miranda and his later misdemeanour and subsequent hatred for them illustrate his fundamental reliance on his senses Caliban loved Prospero and Miranda because they made much of me and his response to this was purely sensual in his recollections Thou strokst me
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