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Government and Politics Proportional Representation An electoral system is an integral part of a democratic state which determines the method by which representatives are chosen by the electorate It is the means by which the electors exert control over the government The main objective of any electoral system is to achieve both equity and efficiency in government The electoral system will satisfy this objective by producing a government that is equitably responsive to all sections of the electorate and by enabling this governmentto be stable and effective The objective should be met in this manner regardless of the electoral system chosen to ensure the integrity and effectiveness of government which is necessary for a democratic state There are many different electoral systems including hybrid systems that adopt good points of many systems We will examine the system of proportional representation in its purest form as opposed to a plurality system and its effectiveness as an electoral system The plurality system or winner takes all system is currently in place in Canada and has managed to work fairly well There are however many arguments presented for the adoption of a system of proportional representation which many supporters feel would better represent the diversity of the Canadian electorate A proposed change of this magnitude must be carefully considered and the system of proportional representation must be accurately scrutinized An examination of the system of proportional representation reveals major faults within the system itself and a failure to meet the objectives of an electoral system An electoral system of proportional representation should not be adopted in Canada because it would produce multipartyism and balkanization of the political groups an unstable government as well as decreased accountability of the representatives Elections serve the purpose of vesting authority in chosen representatives whose duty is to reflect accurately the wishes and opinions of those
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