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It is common for us as human beings to try to make sense of everything that happens in life In order for situations to make sense our human brain tend to make speculations and try its best to justify things even if in reality the truth is not what we think it is For example when there is a long queue outside a store we will think of sales and promotions that are possibly going on that day when a person won a jackpot we try to make sense out of it and claim that the winner is a lucky man In this paper I will discuss on a situation where a car strikes a pedestrian and make an inference out of Humes Durkheims Evans Pritchards and my own speculation from the perspective of an observers of this situation When talking about a situation where a car strikes a pedestrian one can think of many causes that led to the accident From the view of observers we might accuse the pedestrian to be distracted from texting or disregarded the red light crossing and misjudged the incoming cars speed reasons that eventually led to the car striking the pedestrian Vice versa the victim will put the blame on the driver Speeding drunk when drivingbasically reasons that eventually caused the driver to lose control of the car and hit the pedestrian These speculations also known as our own speculations that had no basis in truth in the situations described above are examples of fundamental distribution error and selfserving bias from the view of psychologists According to Hume there are several ways to describe how this causal explanation emerged Firstly ideas consist of thoughts beliefs or memories that are related to impressions In most occasions cause and effect is the reference when we try to understand matters of fact and with the help of direct impression we draw inference about some unobserved cause In this case the observers
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