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Word Count: 972
Athens as a prosperous country with mighty naval support in Greece unexpectedly lost the war in Sicily which caused tremendous decline to the country the entire navy power was totally destroyed and its status as a dominant city was compromised So what led to Athens fallTo me the reasons were various but could be categorized into two the first Athenss own problem internal conflicts wrong decisions at the war and problems with allies and the second advantage of Syracuse itself and power of SpartaBefore the war Athens just recovered from a terrible plague People died and suffered from plague When people knew that they got infected they fell into despair They gave up fighting and started holding an indifferent attitude toward death which was a sign of Athenians losing humanity Another horrible fact was that people even ate people Apparently people lost their moral spirits Additionally the plague also largely struck the economy and military in Athens Under such conditions even though it had been over 10 years Athens was still not fully recovered and was definitely not ready for a war During the Sicily expedition there was serious internally political disorder in Athens In my opinion it was an immature democratic era in Athens at that time Democracy brought Athens to prosperity but also ruined it Certain citizens were allowed to vote for someone to be exiled in the ecclesia And they even called Alcibiades the general back to Athens to try him of sacrilegious acts when Alcibiades was at the Sicilian war Alcibiades just achieved a little victory he did not even have the chance of celebrating and was deprived of his command power After hearing this news Alcibiades escaped Athens made an even more unexpected decision of execution to Alcibiades With full of agony and anger Alcibiades defected to Sparta Betrayal of Alcibiades helped Sparta achieve many successes Alcibiades offered Sparta suggestions of how to attack Athens The first was to send
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