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Acids Bases An acid is any compound that can respond to a base to form a salt Also it is a substance that generates the positive ion of the solvent where the acid is dissolved A base is the opposite of an acid It is a substance that eliminates the hydrogen ions protons from an acid and joins them through a chemical reaction Sulfuric Acid Sulfuric acid is an extremely strong acid Concentrated sulfuric acid is a strong dehydrating agent which reacts violently with water In aqueous solutions it ionizes to create hydrogen sulfate ions and hydronium ions In diluted solutions of this acid the hydrogen sulfate ions also separate in turn forming even more hydronium ions and some sulfate ions Besides being an oxidizing agent by reacting swiftly at high temperatures with carbon sulfur many metals and other substances concentrated sulfuric acid can also be used as a strong dehydrating agent As a dehydrating agent it has the ability to char many organic materials Take for example wood sugar paper and when this occurs a carbonaceous residue is left behind Sulfuric acid H2SO4 is also known as oil of vitriol or hydrogen sulfate It is a dense colorless oily corrosive liquid It can be used in the manufacturing of dyes drugs fertilizers explosives pigments inorganic acids and salts Sulfuric acid is also used in metallurgical processes and oil refining In one of its most familiar functions sulfuric acid operates as the electrolyte in lead-acid storage batteries The most common and well-known use for sulfuric acid is in a car battery For example in a single cell lead-acid battery there are two different plates One plate is of lead and the other is lead dioxide These plates are submerged in a powerful sulfuric acid electrolyte The lead reacts with the SO4 to generated PbSO4 with one electron The lead dioxide hydrogen atoms the sulfuric acid ions and the
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