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Word Count: 447
Plato was born 427 BC and died 347 BC He was a pupil under Socrates During his studies Plato wrote the Dialogues which are a collection of Socrates teachings One of the parables included in the Dialogues is The Allegory of the Cave The Allegory symbolizes mans struggle to reach understanding and enlightenment First of all Plato believed that one can only learn through dialectic reasoning and open-mindedness Humans had to travel from the visible realm of image-making and objects of sense to the intelligible or invisible realm of reasoning and understanding The Allegory of the Cave symbolizes this trek and how it would look to those still in a lower realm Plato is saying that humans are all prisoners and that the tangible world is our cave The things which we perceive as real are actually just shadows on a wall Just as the escaped prisoner ascends into the light of the sun we amass knowledge and ascend into the light of true reality ideas in the mind Yet if someone goes into the light of the sun and beholds true reality and then proceeds to tell the other captives of the truth they laugh at and ridicule the enlightened one for the only reality they have ever known is a fuzzy shadow on a wall They could not possibly comprehend another dimension without beholding it themselves therefore they label the enlightened man madFor instance the exact thing happened to Charles Darwin In 1837 Darwin was traveling aboard the HMS Beagle in the Eastern Pacific and dropped anchor on the Galapagos Islands Darwin found a wide array of animals These differences in animals sparked Darwin on research which lasted well up to his death culminating in the publishing of The Origin of Species in 1858 He stated that had not just appeared out of thin air but had evolved from other species through natural selection This sparked a firestorm of criticism for most people
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