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In logic and rhetoric a fallacy is a deliberate or unintentional error in reasoning that results in wrong conclusions Many logical fallacies exist and they are all linked to each other because in the end they share the common root of faulty logic The rhetoric textbook Acting on Words AOW by David Brundage and Michael Lahey tries to explain ten common logical fallacies and classifies them as either fallacies of oversimplification or fallacies of distortion On the other hand Gary N Curtis an ontologist uses a tree diagram to try to link and explain different logical fallacies in his Fallacy Files Both AOWs and Curtiss classificatory schemes are useful but each sometimes is less refinedof less meritis better than the other when it comes to precision in pointing out relationships between particular fallacies or choosing terminology This essay compares the two presentations of logical fallacies and elaborates on how each classification could be improved by taking some points from the other First both classifications should be categorized taking each other into account The main difference between the two classificatory schemes is that AOWs divides its ten logical fallacies into only two categories while the Fallacy Files uses precise taxonomic relations of parent fallacies and subfallacies between particular fallacies The Fallacy Files presents more logical fallacies than AOW which presents only what the authors of the textbook consider to be the most common ones
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