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The fundamental components of the client-centered therapeutic tradition are the most influential dynamics for facilitating self-change In this method the key elements to bring about change lie within the client-therapist relationship From this perspective treatment is best understood as a partnership for change Hubble 416 This relationship must be based on mutual trust respect and belief that the client has the ability to change The clients view of the relationship is the trump card in the therapy outcome Hubble 412 The client-therapist relationship is crucial in producing change in an individual This relationship consists of two major components the therapist and the client and in order for successful change to occur there are essential elements to both sections First the therapist must create a warm emotional bond with the client that is empathetic genuine and unconditionally accepting Nonjudgementalness reduces interpersonal anxiety thereby increasing the clients capacity for facing intrapersonal pain and anxiety whereas therapist empathy helps the client to turn his or her attention to internal experience Greenberg 102 The second set of key elements lie within the client The client must have self-determination and actively participate in the therapy The therapist motivates and promotes self-exploration but the client must be willing to change The client and the therapist work together to achieve goals established by the client With the recognition that motivation for change is partly a product of what people do together clinicians can work in harmony with their clients to increase their participation in treatment Hubble 413 A person who has trouble growing toward self-actualization needs a positive caring environment to grow psychologically The therapists role of being empathetic genuine and unconditionally accepting creates a welcoming environment for facilitating self change It helps the client feel comfortable in sharing truthfully about his or her situations the therapist can then assist the client in self-exploration so that he or she can identify problems that are hindering his or her own growth process Empathy
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